Ukiyo-e is a type of woodblock printing.
浮世/ukiyo means floating world and 絵/e means painting.
They are from the 17th-19th centuries.
Hokusai’s Great Wave off Kanagawa from 1831 is probably the most iconic:
Woodblocks were carved for printing which created the print.
The artists weren’t the only ones involved in producing their artwork.
Production of artwork was divided between the artist, the carver, the printer and the publisher.
For a detailed information and history check out wikipedia.